Introducing Eragrostis Tef as a new crop in the Golan Heights: selection for lodging tolerance and higher yield with molecular tools: Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter [tef], is the most important cereal crop in Ethiopia. The cultivation of Tef, as a cereal, is performed primarily in Ethiopia (24% of the total acreage of cereals planted in the country) grown on 2.5 million hectare annually, and serving as a staple food grain for more than 50 million people. In an era with high obesity rates, diabetes, and other lifestyle-related diseases, tef which is defined as ‘super food’ gluten-free grain is gaining more and more attention in western communities. tef has exceptionally high nutritive value, low in carbohydrates (57.27%), high in proteins (20.9%) and contains essential amino acids. The tef belongs to the subfamily Chloridoideae, a lineage of grasses (Poaceae) and has an allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 40) genome with 10 chromosomes and a genome size of 730 Mbp. As an ‘urfan crop’, tef has many cultivation drawbacks and the major concern with the highest impact on the yield is the phenomenon of plant lodging. Various attempts have been made by the research community to develop lodging-resistant tef cultivars but presently, no cultivar with reasonable lodging resistance has been obtained. Aims: The aims of this study span from the scientific to the applicative. 1. Select plants with various lodging patterns from our breeding stock. 2. Perform deep sequencing on four candidate genes (10,000bp) in order to trace phenotypic/genotypic correlation 3. Select specimens according to their genotype in order to produce a stable cultivar for future growing.